Raspberry Pi Foundation has announced an update to the Raspberry Pi OS, utilizing Debian 12 Bookworm as its core operating system. This release follows the regular two-year update cycle of Debian.
Apart from the direct integration of Debian 12, the Raspberry Pi Desktop also comes with several new features:
1. Transition to Wayland display server from X11: Raspberry Pi has opted to use Wayfire, a compositor, as the new display management system. Currently, this will only be available on Raspberry Pi 4 and 5, while older hardware will continue to use X11 in this version.
2. PipeWire replaces PulseAudio as the sound server: The new release incorporates PipeWire as the default sound management system, replacing the previously used PulseAudio.
3. NetworkManager as the default network manager: NetworkManager has been adopted as the default network management system, replacing dhcpcd in this release.
4. Official support for Firefox: Raspberry Pi now officially supports Firefox, providing a customized version that runs more smoothly on Raspberry Pi devices. This is in addition to the existing support for Chromium.
TLDR: The Raspberry Pi OS has been updated with Debian 12 Bookworm as its core, introducing new features such as the transition to Wayland, PipeWire for sound management, NetworkManager as the default network manager, and official support for Firefox.