The Nobel Prize in Medicine for the year 2023 has been announced to be awarded to Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman, two scientists who have developed mRNA technology, which is a crucial foundation in the development of COVID-19 vaccines.
It should be noted that mRNA technology has been experimented with for some time before being widely used for the first time to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Currently, mRNA is being used for research in preventing other diseases, including cancer.
mRNA stands for Messenger Ribonucleic Acid and is a new method in vaccine development. Previously, vaccine development used dead viruses or bacteria, while mRNA technology stimulates genes in the body to produce proteins that inhibit the virus, allowing for faster unlocking of key developments in vaccines.
Currently, Katalin Karikó is a professor at Szeged University in Hungary, and Drew Weissman is a professor at the University of Pennsylvania.
TLDR: Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for developing mRNA technology, which has played a vital role in the development of COVID-19 vaccines. mRNA technology allows for faster vaccine development by stimulating genes in the body to produce virus-inhibiting proteins.